The Urim and Thummim are divination tools that were used back in the days of the Old Testament. The priests used these crystals to do divination. They performed two forms of divination with crystals: Cleromancy and Lithomancy. Cleromancy for casting lots; and Lithomancy to tell the future.
The stones the priest used were “the Urim and the Thummim.” The Urim and the Thummim were on the High Priest’s breastplate. They remained on the breastplate when doing Lithomancy (divination in general). When doing Cleromancy, the High Priest would remove them from his breastplate to cast them upon the ground (the casting of lots).
The Urim was the name given to “the brilliant lights.” It was the lights themselves that served as the gateway. The High Priests and the Israelites honored the lights as the Word of God – Himself. The word of God was deemed infallible. This form of divination is called Lithomancy.
Lithomancy is a form of divination by which the future is told using stones or the reflected light from stones. Exodus 28:30 “And you shall put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim, and they shall be over Aaron’s heart when he goes in before the Lord. So Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel over his heart before the Lord continually.” As you can read, from this Scripture, the breastplate of judgment held the Urim and the Thummim.
The Thummim was deemed to hold the complete truth given by God to the Israelites. The Thummim was “the command” from God to the Israelites. This form of divination is called Cleromancy.
Cleromancy is a form of divination by which to sort lots (the casting of lots). It is the casting of one’s lot in life that determines the random outcome. The result of this random sorting of one’s destiny is believed to reveal the will of God or other supernatural entities. In 1 Samuel 14: 41, “Therefore Saul said unto the LORD God of Israel, Give a perfect lot. And Saul and Jonathan were taken: but the people escaped”. In this Scripture, we read that the Prophet Samuel used these divining tools. By repeatedly separating the people each time into different, smaller lots, fewer were left among them to find the sinner: The Urim and the Thummim were the objects used for the divination of the perfect lot (the perfect outcome).
In other words, the Urim and the Thummim were rabbinic divining tools. Someone would go to the rabbi to ask a question to which a simple ‘yes or no’ was required. The perfect answer would come as great rays of light shining out of some of the jewels on the breastplate of the high priest.
Each gem represented different letters, and the sequence of lighting thus would spell out an answer; there were 12 jewels on the breastplate = 12 letters. The 12 letters of the Hebrew Qabbalah. Some scholars insist, the jewels themselves moved in a way that made them stand out from the rest or even moved by themselves into groups to form words.
To place this type of divination in today’s context, the modern Celts still cast lots and read the lights coming from the crystals. Since the Bible itself makes mention of divining tools, it is no wonder that the casting of lots to get an answer – still takes place to this day. As an example of modern Christians that still cast perfect lots, are the Free Masonic Orders such as the Mormons. These and other Christian denominations to this day, still lean upon crystal divination so to find a sinner, or to seek God’s will on a particular issue. Besides jewels of the purest kind, random outcomes can also be sought by the use of other divination tools such tiles of wood, stones, dice or even thin slices of sticks, oracles maybe. Today, we would add Tarot Oracle Card Decks.
The Urim and Thummim are divination tools dating back to the days of the Old Testament. The priests used crystals to do divination. But today, we can all perform divination with crystals. Divination with crystals is Cleromancy and Lithomancy. Cleromancy for casting lots and Lithomancy to tell the future.
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