The circle, and then the circle containing spokes represented the pagan knowledge of the wheel and of the harvest. The megalithic symbol from the Atlantes, represented the pagan knowledge of how to orient oneself while traveling to trading locations. Amalgamated in knowledge, trade, culture and religion, both prospered even as one…
Because it had been suitable for the men of both cultures who lived at the end of the bronze-age, it had once again been found suitable enough to represent them again; this time, during the Christian conquests. Since it had the Christian like appearance of Christ on the Cross, the Christian conquerors agreed to keep the amalgamated religious symbol of the circle containing spokes – mounted upon the megalith as a suitable religious representation of the Christian conquest over the Kelts and of the Allstatts religions and cultures. All those concerned, continued prospering in religious knowledge, as in trade…
The Celtic Cross had importance back in the days of the negotiations with the Christian conquerors. This cross was found where ever the Druids had left their imprint. It’s appearance is generally of the same basic artistic design, although various religious groups gave it their own distinctive alterations.
Schematically, the cross is a composision of three circles and of four branches. The three circles (the Keugant, the Abred and the Gwenwed) designate the different paths of the soul towards the supreme ascension:
In the beginning, the souls wanders in the circle of chaos (keugant), where nothing exists but God. And then, the souls incarnate into the Abred circle, which is the circle of terrestrial life. It is in the circle of Abred (the circle of terrestrial life) when the souls must accomplish their destiny.
If the souls fail to accomplish their destiny in the circle of Abred, they go back to chaos (back to the circle of Keugant), and wait there until God permits them to reincarnate anew in the circle of Abred. When God finally permits them to accede again to the circle of Abred, it is so they could begin yet another life and in another body; so to finally accede to the final circle Gwenwed.
There, in the final circle of Gwenwed, they will enjoy God’s presence throughout eternity. Gwenwed is the place freed by time and by change. The circle of Gwenwed is also the fifth element, ether, the divine light.
Today, small groups at the opposite end of the Celtic spirit utilize the Celtic cross . Because of that diversion, many people today no longer know it’s origins nor significance, and do not associate it except to extremism and a handful of marginals folklorists.
N.B. Taken and adapted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, and from a French website on the Brittany culture: